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Summary of “Fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose in food or beverages lowers postprandial glucose and insulin without raising triglycerides: a systematic review and meta-analysis”

For your information, an article entitled “Fructose replacement of glucose or sucrose in food or beverages lowers postprandial glucose and insulin without raising triglycerides: a systematic review and meta-analysis” by Evans et al. was recently published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. In the present study, Evans et al. conducted a systematic review and […]

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Summary of Study “Impact of perinatal exposure to sucrose or high fructose corn syrup (HFCS-55) on adiposity and hepatic lipid consumption in rat offspring”

For your information a study entitled “Impact of perinatal exposure to sucrose or high fructose corn syrup (HFCS-55) on adiposity and hepatic lipid consumption in rat offspring” was recently published in The Journal of Physiology. The study has garnered some attention resulting in a commentary in The Journal of Physiology entitled “Maternal fructose consumption can […]

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Summary of Nutrients Special Issue “Dietary Fructose and Glucose: The Multifaceted Aspects of their Metabolism and Implication for Human Health”

Nutrients recently published a special issue entitled “Dietary Fructose and Glucose: The Multifaceted Aspects of their Metabolism and Implication for Human Health” which included fifteen papers relating to these monosaccharides. Staff has identified articles of interest to the Working Group and has provided a summary of each, including points of consideration as necessary. The article […]

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Summary of Nutrients Special Issue “The Acute Effects of Simple Sugar Ingestion on Appetite, Gut-Derived Hormone Response, and Metabolic Markers in Men”

The article “The Acute Effects of Simple Sugar Ingestion on Appetite, Gut-Derived Hormone Response, and Metabolic Markers in Men” by Yau, et al., was published in Nutrients in 2017. This single-blind, pilot study examined the effect of simple sugar ingestion in more commonly ingested amounts on appetite, circulating gut hormone responses, and markers of hepatic […]

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Study Review – “Fructose in Breast Milk is Positively Associated with Infant Body Composition at 6 Months of Age”

A recent study published in Nutrients asserts that fructose in breast milk is significantly associated with infant body composition.  Twenty-five mother-infant dyads participated in the study in which infants were exclusively breastfeed from 1 month (first time point) until 6 months (second time point). At both the 1 month an 6 month time points, expressed […]

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Diets High in Fat or Fructose Differentially Modulate Bone Health and Lipid Metabolism

A new study was recently published in Calcified Tissue International which compared the effects of high-fat and high-fructose diets on various outcomes including visceral and subcutaneous fat deposition, de novo lipogenesis, plasma glucose, plasma leptin, plasma insulin, and bone architecture and stiffness. The experiment conducted by Jatkar et al. utilized 30 male mice divided into […]

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Rippe Review on Added Sugars and Disease Risk Factors

On November 4, a review by James M. Rippe and Theodore J. Angelopoulos was published in Nutrients. The review entitled, “Relationship between Added Sugars Consumption and Chronic Disease Risk Factors: Current Understanding,” examines the latest, high quality science to address the ambiguity of the relationship between sugar consumption and various health related conditions. Rippe and […]

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Fructose in a solid meal does not affect blood markers of lipid and sugar metabolism.

“Fructose acute effects on glucose, insulin, and triglyceride after a solid meal compared with sucralose and sucrose in a randomized crossover study” was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in June, 2016. When compared with iso-caloric intake of other sugars, fructose does not appear to perturb blood triglycerides or body weight. However, the […]

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Results of Sugar Reduction Research Clouded by Non-Compliance of Study Participants

Study fails to isolate whether weight loss or calorie source was cause of health impact In the recent study “Isocaloric Fructose Restriction and Metabolic Improvement in Children with Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome,” the authors allege that sugar, more specifically fructose, causes health-related problems that are independent of the health concerns related to intake of calories. […]

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